Saving the United Nations from the Shadow of The Great Hall of People - Perspectives from an Indo-Italian Dialogue

Kumar, Amit ; Alparone, Diletta M. L.

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The future of global security, peace, and power balance is presently being shaped by conflicts and cooperation among major powers. China's rise on the international stage, as well as its growing dominance in the United Nations, poses a threat to US hegemony. The brief explores the evolution of the United Nations through the Cold War era so as to show how two superpowers acted beyond the UN's mandate and misused their Veto Power. After recounting history, we aim to explain how China's ascent poses a challenge to the United Nations as an ‘international organization,’ a dynamic which demands immediate reforms. We examine three related areas: the United Nations itself, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), and the Veto Power mechanism. Finally, we make recommendations regarding which model would be the most effective in the twenty-first century. South Asia, the most populous region in the world is not represented on the UNSC, and so are not either Africa or South America. A new United Nations Security Council model that is more inclusive, fair, and logically based is proposed. In order to ensure an adequate functioning of such model, an inclusive yet simple decision-making process is suggested to replace the current Veto Power mechanism.

Document type: Article
Publisher: South Asia Democratic Forum (SADF)
Place of Publication: Brussels
Date: 2022
Version: Secondary publication
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2022 12:23
Faculties / Institutes: Miscellaneous > Individual person
DDC-classification: Political science
Controlled Keywords: China, USA, Südasien, Vereinte Nationen, Vereinte Nationen Sicherheitsrat, Vetorecht, Reform
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vereinte Nationen, China, Südasien, USA, Vetorecht, Reform des Sicherheitsrates der Vereinten Nationen, Politischer Kontinent / United Nations, China, South Asia, US, Veto Power, United Nations Security Council Reform, Political Continent
Subject (classification): Politics
Countries/Regions: China
South Asia
other countries
Series: Themen > SADF Focus
Volume: 78
Additional Information: DOI: 10.48251/SADF.ISSN.2406-5633.F78 (der Erstausgabe)