Governing Dynamics of Cross-Border Trade: A Case Study from the Indo-Bhutan Border Region

Mohan, Deepanshu ; Raghunath, Tanuja ; Medipally, Sanjana

[thumbnail of 29-FOCUS.N.29.Governing-Dynamics-of-Cross-Border-Trade.pdf]
PDF, English
Download (609kB) | Terms of use

Download (609kB)
For citations of this document, please do not use the address displayed in the URL prompt of the browser. Instead, please cite with one of the following:


The northeast part of India shares around 98% of its border with neighbouring countries in the eastern parts of South Asia. The spatial positioning of North Eastern states of India and their engagement with some of the neighbouring countries shape the governing dynamics of cross-border transnational developments; be it social, economic, cultural and political. The nature of such developments are usually isolated from the scope of regional studies, especially those focusing on the study of economic relationships between two countries (via trade, capital flows etc.). Our study aims to move beyond the traditionally used methodological process of studying cross-border trade patterns; using a more economic anthropological approach to identify selected cross-border market spaces as niche, geo-spatial areas for understanding the unique nature of trade composition, operations of supply chain management, dual currency usage and the role of political geography. The north eastern ‘chicken-neck’ corridor remains characterized by a tough terrain, unfriendly neighbours, infrastructural blockages that obstruct the development of the region. Our field-based research study conducted with a team of six researchers seeks to understand cross-border trading practices on the India-Bhutan border through the use of market case studies, providing a diverse set of observations from vendor/merchant based interviews collected from markets positioned in the border villages of Dadgiri in Chirang district of Assam, India and the border town Gelephu of Sarpang district, Bhutan. This case study documents more of the narratives collected from the weekly organized Dadgiri market in Assam. We observe that the operational governing dynamics of market provides an enriching perspective on gauging the social, economic and political landscape of the Indo-Bhutan border area beyond the Chirang district of Assam, India.

Document type: Article
Publisher: South Asia Democratic Forum (SADF)
Place of Publication: Brussels
Date: 2017
Version: Secondary publication
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2021 11:50
Faculties / Institutes: Miscellaneous > Individual person
DDC-classification: Political science
Commerce, communications, transport
Geography and travel
Controlled Keywords: Indien, Bhutan, Grenzüberschreitende Kooperation
Uncontrolled Keywords: Indien, Bhutan, Grenzüberschreitender Handel, Grenze zwischen Indien und Bhutan, politische Geographie, Grenzgebiete, Entwicklung / India, Bhutan, Cross-border trade, Indo-Bhutan border, political geography, borderlands, development
Subject (classification): Politics
Countries/Regions: Bhutan
Series: Themen > SADF Focus
Volume: 29