Jolly, Julius

In: Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, 11 (1920), pp. 901-904

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Stūpa (Sanskrit), a Buddhist monument or mausoleum, generally called 'tope' (from Pāli thūpa) in India and adjacent countries, means 'mound' or 'tumulus,' and the term chaitya (q.v.) had originally the same meaning, though it afterwards came to denote any memorial or sacred spot or sanctuary of any shape, whereas stūpas were always built in the shape of towers, surmounted by a cupola and one or more chattra ('parasols'). King Aśoka, the Buddhistic Constantine (3rd cent. B.C.), is said to have erected, within the space of three years, 84,000 stūpas in different parts of India, to preserve the remains of Buddha.

Document type: Article
Version: Secondary publication
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2020
Faculties / Institutes: Miscellaneous > Individual person
DDC-classification: Religions of Indic origin
General history of Asia Far East
Controlled Keywords: Stūpa, Aśoka, Buddha
Uncontrolled Keywords: Indien, Buddhismus, Architektur / India, Buddhism, Architecture
Subject (classification): Indology
Countries/Regions: India
Series: Personen > Schriften von Julius Jolly
Volume: 151