War and Women’s Work: Evidence from the Conflict in Nepal

Menon, Nidhiya ; Van der Meulen Rodgers, Yana

[thumbnail of War Women Work Nepal.pdf]
PDF, English
Download (1MB) | Lizenz: Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike

Download (1MB)
For citations of this document, please do not use the address displayed in the URL prompt of the browser. Instead, please cite with one of the following:


This paper examines how Nepal's 1996-2006 civil conflict affected women's decisions to engage in employment. Using three waves of the Nepal Demographic and Health Survey, the authors employ a difference-in-difference approach to identify the impact of war on women's employment decisions. The results indicate that as a result of the Maoist-led insurgency, women's employment probabilities were substantially higher in 2001 and 2006 relative to the outbreak of war in 1996. These employment results also hold for self-employment decisions, and they hold for smaller sub-samples that condition on husband's migration status and women's status as widows or household heads. Numerous robustness checks of the difference-in-difference estimates based on alternative empirical methods provide compelling evidence that women's likelihood of employment increased as a consequence of the conflict.

Document type: Working paper
Place of Publication: Washington, D.C.
Date: 2011
Version: Secondary publication
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2015
Number of Pages: 47
Faculties / Institutes: Miscellaneous > Individual person
DDC-classification: Economics
Controlled Keywords: Nepal / Bürgerkrieg, Frau, Beschäftigung, Geschichte 1996-2006
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nepal, Bürgerkrieg, Frau, Beschäftigung, Geschichte 1996-2006 / Nepal, Civil War, Woman, Employment, History 1996-2006
Subject (classification): Politics
Countries/Regions: Nepal
Additional Information: © World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/3509 License: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY 3.0